Hydraulic Power Steering Gear Problems Explained in Detail

22 March 2021
 Categories: , Blog

The steering wheel is one of the vital components of your car. This simple, circular accessory is the tool you need to keep your vehicle in the right lane when you are cruising around and to navigate safely around obstacles. When it malfunctions, the steering wheel takes away nearly all the power you need to control your vehicle as you move around. The dangers you face are unimaginable, and you are better off addressing these malfunctions as soon as possible. Thankfully, modern car manufacturers have done lots of work to improve steering wheel systems. Their goal is to ensure that these systems can serve you safely for the many years that you drive your vehicle. Here is a piece that explains hydraulic power steering gear problems in detail.

Fluid Loss from the Hydraulic System

Traditionally, most hydraulic systems come as pressurised units with special lubricants to mitigate the effects of friction and heat. Therefore, your hydraulic power steering gear will run into problems any time it starts to lose hydraulic fluid. The loss often results from normal wear and tear of the system's components or unprecedented blunt force hitting against the steering parts. It can happen on rugged terrain and bad roads. Low hydraulic fluid levels show up via a whining sound from the steering pump that is followed by a gradual reduction in steering wheel assistance. 

Bubbles of Air in the Hydraulic System

Most vehicle manufacturers are at a crossroads when it comes to making accessories like hydraulic steering systems. Many would lean towards using heavy-duty parts and heavy materials to guarantee durability. However, they also need to keep the components lightweight to enhance fuel efficiency and ensure that the units remain agile and driver-friendly. The soft hoses used to carry hydraulic fluid make them susceptible to penetration by air bubbles, especially at joints and intersections. Usually, air bubbles in your hydraulic power steering system will lead to a sudden loss in steering assistance. Replacing the fluid lines should fix this problem and eliminate the air bubbles.

Clogging and Blockage

Clogging is another common problem encountered in hydraulic power steering systems. Usually, unwanted materials in the system result from the steering system's interaction with dust, mud and dirty water as you drive. Systems with worn hoses, pumps and hydraulic cylinders are prone to clogging, and the worst part is that these clogs are difficult to diagnose. When you are certain that your steering system is clogged, go for professional services to resolve the problem and get back on track.

To learn more, contact a resource that offers hydraulic steering gear repairs.